Cd-Rom 1 provides updated navigation data with a coverage of ~100 % of important roads and ~35 % of detailed roads in Russia. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are included with ~100 % of important roads to connect the region of Kaliningrad with the Russian
During the tour, we learn about the past of the city in a wide historical framework. The Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Commonwealth, the Russian Empire, Soviet Belarus and the Republic of Belarus - such is the path Minsk has traveled over the centuries. We will see the Peter and Paul Church of the beginning of the 17th century and the Red Church of the beginning of the 20th century; the most ancient street Nemigu, which began from the wood-earth fortress - Minsk Castle, and the picturesque Upper Town, with which the life of Minsk was connected for five centuries.
Discover the lakeside town of Trakai on a private 4-hour audio guide tour from Vilnius and learn about its history as the former capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. See the stunning Insular Castle and Gothic-style monuments of the Old Town. Transportation by private, air-conditioned minibus and audio guide in 11 languages (Spanish, Swedish, Ukrainian, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian) included in the price.During the tour you will have comfort to reach Trakai center faster. Tour bus arrives and departs in the center of Trakai town at the front of the castle, as public transport station is ~ 2 km from the castle.
Saint - Petersburg is the cultural capital of Russia. You have the opportunity to see this after spending 3 magical days with our amazing guides and visit the most popular museums and not only of this city. After St. Petersburg, we will move to the most European city in Russian Federation - Kaliningrad. This unique region is completely surrounded by other countries - Lithuania and Poland and is famous for the extraction of the sunniest stone in this world - amber. You will visit the Regional Amber Museum, which contains the largest collection of amber products and processed stones. The next day you will go to conquer the Baltic Sea and get to know better the Curonian Spit nature reserve.
Polotsk was founded in 862 and not only is it the oldest town in the country, it is one of the oldest in the whole Slavic region, making it a popular tourist attraction in Belarus. The town is located 250km north of Minsk in the Vitebsk region of Belarus.In its eventful history the town has endured Viking incursions from the north, fought against crusaders and had been occupied numerous times.Euphrosyne of PolotskPolotsk became the centre of Christianity during the first Russian state of Rus. The town was a birthplace for the first Belarusian canonized woman Euphrosyne of Polotsk.In the 10-13th centuries Polotsk was the centre of the powerful Polotsk Duchy.In 1307 the town became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and became self-governing in 1498.
Though history is usually written by the victors, the lack of a particularly strong writing tradition from the Mongols ensured that history was largely written by those who they vanquished. Because of this, their portrayal in the West and the Middle East has been extraordinarily (and in many ways unfairly) negative for centuries, at least until recent revisions to the historical record. The Mongols have long been depicted as wild horse-archers galloping out of the dawn to rape, pillage, murder and enslave, but the Mongol army was a highly sophisticated, minutely organized and incredibly adaptive and innovative institution, as witnessed by the fact that it was successful in conquering enemies who employed completely different weaponry and different styles of fighting. The Mongols were pushed out of the region by the Poles and Lithuanians, who then occupied state territories in the 14th century. Poland seized areas in the west, known as Galicia, while Lithuania occupied a northern area called Volynia. The Mongol-Tatars, however, retained control of the Crimean Peninsula, using it as a base for trade, including that of slaves, with the Ottoman Empire. The Tatars would actually strengthen their grip on the Crimea after the Golden Horde’s demise and continue terrifying other European powers. By allying themselves with the Ottomans, the Tatars seemingly lost the potent position they had when they were a part of the Mongol Empire, they were still close to being a superpower from Southeast Europe and the Middle East. Meanwhile, the Ottomans would continue to expand their territory and threaten other European nations for centuries to come. Meanwhile, Russia also began expanding its influence by playing a role in defeating the Mongol hordes. The Russian ruler, Grand Prince of Moscow Ivan III, married the final heir to the Byzantine throne, Sophia (born Zoe) Palaiologina, the daughter of the last emperor of Byzantium, in 1480. Sophia would go on to be the gran 1. Language: English. Narrator: Daniel Houle. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/210865/bk_acx0_210865_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The newest electrifying thriller in the #1 New York Times–bestselling series has President Jack Ryan and his allies facing a treacherous foe threatening to unleash chaos around the globe. . . . When Russian President Valeri Volodin's ambitions are foiled in Dagestan, he faces a difficult choice. The oligarchs who support him expect a constant flow of graft, but with energy prices cratering, the Russian economy sputters to a virtual halt. Unable to grow the Russian market at home, his hold on power relies on expansion abroad—a plan that has been thwarted by the United States in the past. But this time Volodin has determined that an indirect approach is the best. A floating natural gas facility in Lithuania is blown up. A Venezuelan prosecutor is assassinated. A devastating attack on a Russian troop train kills dozens. A chaotic world is the best camouflage for a series of seemingly unrelated attacks. Only one man recognizes an ominous pattern in the reports of terror from around the globe. U.S. President Jack Ryan sees a guiding hand in the worldwide chaos, but before he can act he needs proof. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Brick. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/rand/004265/bk_rand_004265_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
When the Russian Navy attacks a US submarine, both nations approach the brink of war."This team spins a great tale." (W. E. B. Griffin, NY Times best-selling author)A belligerent Russia seeks to reunite the Soviet Union - starting with Lithuania. But as the US sends military support, Russia’s navy forces a dangerous face-off in the Atlantic.Meanwhile, two US submarines become ensnared in a perilous game of cat and mouse with a mysterious Russian craft. When the US president orders all vessels back to port, Commander Joe Glass and his fast attack submarines find a way to remain at sea to engage the enemy.But not all aboard the submarines are who they seem...and with a threatening storm bearing down, the consequences of betrayal could be deadly.Former US Navy submarine commander George Wallace and award-winning author Don Keith are the authors of the novel Hunter Killer, now a major motion picture starring Gerard Butler and Gary Oldman.Fast Attack is the fourth book in the Hunter Killer series. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Corey M. Snow. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/172809/bk_acx0_172809_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Jake Adams is called back to the CIA to secure the rescue of an operative kidnapped in the Baltics and who is missing across the border in Russia. As soon as he gets to Estonia, he quickly realizes the Russians are up to their old Cold War tricks. The Kremlin has sent tanks through Belarus and continues to fly warplanes into sovereign territory, while cruising warships off the coast of the Baltic nations. Will the Russians invade the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania? If so, will NATO invoke Article Five of its charter, where an attack on one is an attack on all? Jake becomes embroiled in a complex battle over hegemony of the Baltic States that could finally force NATO to do something about an increasingly belligerent Russian leadership. For Jake, this time it's personal. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Daniel F Purcell. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/123498/bk_acx0_123498_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.